It was very hot. I did this sketch because it was in the closest shade available.
Kerry, June 2016
Fisherman, watercolor, April 2014
A warmup exercise from a watercolor class I taught in Lausanne in spring 2014.
A place for reconciliation, MIT fourth undergraduate studio, fall 2009
I designed this church-like sanctuary space for a project set in Boston’s North End during my last studio. Obviously my thesis project, wherein I studied how changes in heating technology and costs affected the renovation of the stained glass in early 20th-century churches, was at the top of my mind why I was making that curtain wall.
Witness to the Light, undergrad thesis project, MIT, spring 2010
Besides endless fuel for embittered musings about how no one values their history anymore, what are the real impacts of massive church renovations?
I compared the energy usage and interior daylight conditions of two churches near where I grew up, the Logan Christian Church (shown here in 1904 and in 2010) and the Missouri Valley Church of Christ, before and after major remodels. Both projects blocked off or replaced significant portions of the original stained glass and reshaped the ceilings, creating a very different (and much darker) experience for church attendees. I quantified this by running lighting simulations of the churches, which produced daylight autonomy maps like the one in this graphic. These show how often the sensors inside met a light threshold during my chosen daytime period. As you can see, the center pews were PLUNGED INTO DARKNESS. The other case study returned very similar results.
My rough calculations showed that both churches saved a healthy amount on heating and cooling the sanctuary, but I’m still disgruntled about losing those windows.